Edinburgh, United Kingdom
The e-Science Institute (eSI) has four years of experience in stimulating and organising events for the ’s e-Science community and of hosting visitors who interact with that community. The initial programme at eSI was shaped by the pressing need to form the UK’s e Science community across all disciplines, to help it develop an understanding of the challenges and available solutions, and to develop skills. That programme has been very successful.
What is meant by e-Science? In the future, e-Science will refer to the large scale science that will increasingly be carried out through distributed global collaborations enabled by the Internet. Typically, a feature of such collaborative scientific enterprises is that they will require access to very large data collections, very large scale computing resources and high performance visualisation back to the individual user scientists.
The World Wide Web gave us access to information on Web pages written in html anywhere on the Internet. A much more powerful infrastructure is needed to support e-Science. Besides information stored in Web pages, scientists will need easy access to expensive remote facilities, to computing resources - either as dedicated Teraflop computers or cheap collections of PCs - and to information stored in dedicated databases.
The Grid is an architecture proposed to bring all these issues together and make a reality of such a vision for e-Science. Ian Foster and Carl Kesselman, inventors of the Globus approach to the Grid define the Grid as an enabler for Virtual Organisations: ‘An infrastructure that enables flexible, secure, coordinated resource sharing among dynamic collections of individuals, institutions and resources.’ It is important to recognize that resource in this context includes computational systems and data storage and specialized experimental facilities.
Research Centres (86)
- BME-UNESCO Information Society Research Institute, HU
- The e-Science North West Centre, UK
- Oxford Internet Institute, UK
- National Institute of Informatics, Information and Society Research Devision, Japan
- National e-Science Centre, UK
- Science and Technology Studies Unit (SATSU), University of York, UK
- National Centre for e-Social Science, UK
- Centre for Computing and Social Responsibility, UK
- Center for Research of Information Technologies, Serbia
- Laboratory for Social Informatics, Japan